Personal values are what you see as important in life, other people, and yourself. They can include big moral standpoints, such as values of honesty, integrity, and loyalty, but also day-to-day ways of living, like a value of efficiencyor timeliness.
Why are values such a big deal?
Understanding your values and aligning your choices with them can mean the difference between feeling fulfilled and alive, or feeing exhausted and without purpose.
For example, imagine that deep down your values are charity and adventure and your job is that of surgeon. If you decide to set up a practise as a top plastic surgeon who never has time to travel, no matter how successful and well-known you become, you might feel a gnawing sense that you are not living the life you should be. On the other hand, should you take a job working for Doctors Without Borders, you are going to wake up every day feeling good.
Of course if you were a surgeon whose values were stability and renown, the reverse would be true. What matters is to identify the values that resonate for you personally, not what you think you ‘should’ have as values.
Why values are not as simple as they sound
While it might seem that knowing your values would be a straightforward thing, for many of us it if anything but.
To truly know our own values we need to take the time to truly know ourselves.If you don’t do this, there’s a good chance that you are making choices based on the values of those around you, such as your peers and family.
If you think you know your values but often feel exhausted by the decisions you make, or despite having a seemingly ‘good’ life often feel empty inside, it’s likely that you are living your life from others’ values and not your own.
The good news is that if you do take time to get to know yourself and your own values, then start to make choices that reflect them, you can start to see real changes such as:
you were unfairly punished for normal childhood behaviour so learned to be invisible
you had a very successful and dominant parent you were raised to want to be just like
you grew up in a big family where fitting in made things easier
you were sent to boarding school where you relied on moulding yourself to acceptable norms
you were emotionally, physically, or sexually abused and taught to say nothing
All of the above are the sorts of experiences that lead to being an adult who is perhaps codependent, lacks boundaries, or relies on the opinions and attentions of others at the detriment of your own. In other words, the sort of person who strives to match the values of others without even realising it.
How to know if you are using the wrong values for you
If you aren’t sure if your values are your own, ask yourself these questions:
Looking at the last three big decisions I made, did they energise me, or make me feel tired or overwhelmed?
When I hear myself speak of what I think, do I feel excited, or like I am somehow listening to someone else from a distance?
If I write down what I think my 5 top values are on piece of paper and read them aloud, does it feel good, or do I feel a bit uncomfortable?
If I was told I had a week left to live, and wrote out a complete schedule for my last week, would it match the 5 values I just wrote?
Can I look at these 5 values and quickly see who I learned them from? And do I actually admire those people whose values I am living?
So you have realised your values aren’t clear to you, or that they are simply your family’s values that deep down are not for you. So you do you then find the ones that are?
1. Think of the time in your life you were most happy. What about that time in your life made you so content? Can you identify a value in it?
2. Write out the things you have done in life you are most proud of, independent of what others thought. What values do these points of pride show?
3. If you suddenly won the lottery, what would you do next in my life? Write out in exact detail what your ideal day as a person would no money worries would look like. What values does this plan reflect?
4. Write about three characters, dead, alive, or imaginary, that you secretly admire. What about them do you most admire? What values does that show you have?
What things do others do that drive you truly crazy? What are the opposites of their actions – for example, if people being late drives you nuts, promptness, if bragging makes you want to yell, humbleness. These opposites are likely your real values.
I feel confused about my personal values still. What can help?
If working through the above questions still leaves you uncertain, it might be helpful to speak to a professional coach or counsellor who is trained at helping you hone in on what truly matters to you. Sometimes the very act of speaking to someone who is impartial, non judgemental, and outside our sphere can itself cause you to admit things you’d not recognised previously.