Fear of Death – When Pandemic Makes Us Face Mortality

fear of death

photo by Aron Visuals

by Andrea Blundell

Why are we all terrified about Covid-19? Yes, we are losing our lifestyles, and we don’t know what lies ahead. But for many, beneath this lies a fear of death. Either our own death, or of the death of those we love.

Why are we all so afraid of dying?

As humans we fear what we don’t know. We fear new schools as children, new jobs as adults, what our future will bring, or won’t bring.

And in Western society the greatest unknown is death. Unlike other cultures who celebrate and talk about death, many of us don’t talk about it within families until it is forced upon us by fate. We aren’t sure what we are dealing with.

And because death is so unpredictable and unavoidable, we feel vulnerable. With the current pandemic, even more so, with death on every front page. 

Is it really even death you are afraid of?

Fear of death, if examined, can be largely about other things entirely. We are afraid of:

Are you alone? Female? 

Fear of Death

photo by Ben White

Research shows that there are certain factors that make us more vulnerable to death anxiety and death depression.

A study looking at students, church members, and workers at an air terminal found that that being female and being older was more connected to death anxiety, whereas being alone in life without a partner could cause death depression.

How to handle fear of death and dying

1. Make an overview of your life.

Developmental psychologist Erik Erikson is famed for his ‘eight stages of psychosocial development’. The idea is that a healthy individual progresses through different stages of understanding of themselves and others in a lifetime. The last stage of life he labelled, ‘Ego Integrity vs Despair’.

In this phase we begin to think over our life. We can find meaning and purpose in the life we lived (Ego Integrity), or we can view our lives as a series of failures, of missed opportunity (Despair). If we find integrity, we are less likely to have death anxiety.

So an idea here is to sit down and intentionally make your life overview, now. On paper. With the intention of finding meaning and purpose. Divide your life into decades, or into five year chunks if you are young still. What things did you do during that time that bought meaning and purpose?

2. Educate yourself.

Again, fear of death can be driven by the unknown. So make death and the process of death a known by doing your own research.

This could be talking to a ‘death doula’, or visiting one of the now trendy online ‘death cafes’ where people talk openly and positively about death and dying. In a survey held by deathcafe.com, 80% of users felt that being part of such a group made them feel better about life, not just death. 

Read the science about death, and about different views of life after death. If you are afraid of pain and suffering, learn about the body’s unique methods of navigating them. 

In this case it’s also a good idea to also learn about Covid-19. The actual science. Not what social media or Daily Mail headlines claim is the science. Read what epidemiologists are saying. Look at articles in respected news sources that quote top scientists. Look at charts that show true statistics.

3. Organise your own death. 

Again, one of the stresses we can be unconsciously experiencing about death and dying is worry that we will mleave others in the lurch, or that we aren’t organised and prepared. And yet we keep putting off the very things that could help with that, such as:

If you feel macabre about even beginning with any of this, start small. Just write out a rough sketch of your will and see how it feels. Or ask a friend if they would like to get organised around this sort of thing together.

4. Learn and practise mindfulness.

Wondering why so many people have become intolerant, racist, and angry during the Covid-19 pandemic? It’s related to fear of death.

Psychology professor Todd Kashdan from George Mason University in America explains that, “To ward off death anxiety… we violently defend beliefs and practices that provide a sense of stability and meaning in our lives. When people are reminded that death is impending, their racist tendencies increase.”

But in a study published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Kashdan and his fellow researchers looked at what happened if we bring mindfulness to our fear of death.

They found that mindful people were not only more tolerant of others despite having to think about death, they also showed less fear around their own death.

[Learn how to have a mindfulness practice starting today, using our free ‘Guide to Mindfulness’.]

5. Connect to something bigger than yourself. 

It’s not about believing in God, or finding religion just because of coronavirus. It’s about finding something that gives things a bigger meaning for you personally.

A study on religion and spirituality in end-of-life caregivers found that religion and spirituality improved their ability to cope with distress. 

Can therapy help me with a fear of death and dying?

Absolutely. You might want to try existential therapy, which has a focus on helping your find purpose. Or transpersonal psychotherapy, which combines psychotherapeutic approaches with esoteric thought and practices, helping you feel connected to yourself, others, and a greater whole.

Time to talk to a therapist about your fear of death and finally start living? Our top London therapists are available over Skype. Or use our booking platform to find UK-wide online counsellors that suit your budget. 


Still have a question about fear of dying? Or want to share your advice with other readers? Use the comment box below. 

Andrea BlundellAndrea Blundell is the editor and lead writer of this site. After a successful career in both journalism and film she retrained in coaching and counselling. She keeps meaning to write a will, but her ADHD keeps distracting her. 

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