Aside from these major players, the below forms of therapy are also seen as coming under the psychodynamic umbrella:
Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy (DIT)
Dynamic interpersonal therapy is a short-term, very structured type of psychotherapy that helps you change your moods by understanding and changing the ways you interact with others.
It helps you identify the patterns of relating you learned growing up that are causing you trouble in your present-day life. You are then helped to try new ways of relating that are less stressful and lead to better results.
Recommended by the NHS for depression, DIT can be seen as a sort of ‘distilled’ version of psychodynamic therapy. It’s a good therapy for those who are curious to try out psychodynamic therapy.
Emotionally focused therapy is a short-term treatment for couples and families. It helps develop greater emotional intelligence and security within relationships.
EFT helps you to recognise the repetitive emotional responses and positioning you and your partner or family member are stuck in. How can you better express and organise the emotions, change the positions, and develop greater security and connection between you?
Jung was originally a colleague and dear friend of Freud. But an intellectual disagreement between them ended their connection (see our article on Jung vs Freud).
Jung believed that the unconscious wasn’t where we hid our fears and desires. We also all hold the collective unconscious, a layer that connects us to others and to all of history. The archetypes we find there are tools of wisdom and empowerment.
It’s human nature to constantly be trying to figure out what other people are feeling and thinking and feeling. This process is called ‘mentalising’. Some of us, particularly if we have a personality disorder, have faulty mentalising processes that mean we think we understand others but then get it wrong, or always upset others.
Mentalisation-based therapy helps you to mentalise better, listening more carefully to your own thoughts before reacting, and learning to see others more clearly.
Relational psychotherapy helps you connect better to others, so you can sustain relationships and feel better about yourself.
Strong relationships can really help our emotional wellbeing. But if we think and feel negatively about ourselves, and if our relationships growing up were not secure, we can struggle to form real bonds.
A Relational therapist forms a strong relationship with you so you have an experience of trust to work from. He or she then helps you understand the ways you disconnect and push others away and how you can change this.
Systemic therapy, often called ‘family therapy’, works to repair the ‘system’ that a family or group has created amongst themselves. You lear to recognise and troubleshoot the ways that the communication and behaviours of each member are affecting the whole.
A systemic counsellor does not tell anyone what to do or take sides, but helps you all learn to communicate, ask good questions, and empathise with each other. He or she will meet with you as a group but might also meet with some members of your family individually.